Generally coconut is classified into dwarf and tall groups. [citation needed], A full-sized coconut weighs about 1.4 kg (3.1 lb). It can be reduced further to yield coconut sugar also referred to as palm sugar or jaggery. Omani people needed the coir rope from the coconut fiber to stitch together their traditional seagoing dhow vessels in which nails were never used. synphyllica Becc. Gleich nach dem Kauf sollten Sie die Palme in einen größeren und möglichst hohen Topf umsetzen, da die Pflanze eine tiefe Pfahlwurzel bildet. The reasons why coconut are cultivated only in Yemen's Al Mahrah and Hadramaut governorates and in the Sultanate of Oman, but not in other suitable areas in the Arabian Peninsula, may originate from the fact that Oman and Hadramaut had long dhow trade relations with Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, East Africa, and Zanzibar, as well as southern India and China. [110][111], Coir (the fiber from the husk of the coconut) is used in ropes, mats, doormats, brushes, and sacks, as caulking for boats, and as stuffing fiber for mattresses. J. L. Chan 1, L. Saénz 1, C. Talavera 1, R. Hornung 2, M. Robert 1 & C. Oropeza 1 Plant Cell Reports volume 17, pages 515 – 521 (1998)Cite this article. [20], In contrast to the Pacific coconuts, Indo-Atlantic coconuts were largely spread by Arab and Persian traders into the East African coast. [108] They can also be processed to extract palm sugar. [128], Cocamidopropyl betaine (CAPB) is a surfactant manufactured from coconut oil that is increasingly used as an ingredient in personal hygiene products and cosmetics, such as shampoos, liquid soaps, cleansers and antiseptics, among others. Its meat is sweetened, cut into strands, and sold in glass jars as coconut strings, sometimes labeled as "gelatinous mutant coconut". It takes around 6,000 full-grown coconuts to produce one tonne of copra. Although these modifications for domestication would reduce the fruit's ability to float, this ability would be irrelevant to a cultivated population. (eds.). It is still the largest producer of coconut oil and copra, accounting for 64% of the global production. "Complete sequence and comparative analysis of the chloroplast genome of coconut palm (, The Coconut Odyssey – the bounteous possibilities of the tree of life, Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, "Report: 26 provinces quarantined for coconut pest", "Coconut production in 2018, Crops/Regions/World list/Production Quantity (pick lists)", "Petenes mangroves: types and severity of threats". [32] Thor Heyerdahl provides an alternative, and much shorter, estimate based on his first-hand experience crossing the Pacific Ocean on the raft Kon-Tiki: "The nuts we had in baskets on deck remained edible and capable of germinating the whole way to Polynesia. The main coconut-producing area in the Middle East is the Dhofar region of Oman, but they can be grown all along the Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea, and Red Sea coasts, because these seas are tropical and provide enough humidity (through seawater evaporation) for coconut trees to grow. Kokosnüsse bilden sich in der Regel nur an Freilandpflanzen im tropischen Klima. The fruit however was compacted in the fossilization process and it was not possible to determine if it had the diagnostic three pores that characterize members of the tribe Cocoseae. Nach der Keimung bildet die halb aus dem Boden herausragende Nuss zunächst mannshohe, v-förmige Sämlingsblätter. Cocos. It has applications in furniture and specialized construction, as notably demonstrated in Manila's Coconut Palace. Gasa suggested, for lack of paper, delivering by dugout canoe a message inscribed on a husked coconut shell, reading “Nauru Isl commander / native knows posit / he can pilot / 11 alive need small boat / Kennedy.”[117] This coconut was later kept on the president's desk, and is now in the John F. Kennedy Library.[118]. Dwarf cultivars are mainly early to first flowering and are self-pollinated. These vary by the taste of the coconut water and color of the fruit, as well as other genetic factors. Nata de coco, also called coconut gel, is another jelly-like coconut product made from fermented coconut water. An der Palme, die aus den feuchtwarmen Tropen stammt, bilden sich pro Jahr etwa 30 bis 40 Kokosnüsse, an optimalen Standorten können es bis zu 150 Nüsse sein. Volume 1. (2006). Coconuts have been used by humans for thousands of years and may have spread to their present range because of Pacific island settlers. Fruits . calimbahin Blume Cocos nucifera var. The earliest Cocos-like fossil to be found was "Cocos" zeylanica, a fossil species described from small fruits, around 3.5 cm (1.4 in) × 1.3 to 2.5 cm (0.51 to 0.98 in) in size, recovered from the Miocene (~23 to 5.3 million years ago) of New Zealand in 1926. Bei der Standortwahl sollten Sie außerdem immer berücksichtigen, dass die Kokospalme stets sehr viel Licht braucht. Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) sugar was reported to have a GI value of 35 (Kusumawaty, Maharani, & Edwina, 2012; Trinidad, Mallillin, Sagum, & Encabo, 2010) while the sugar from palm sugar (Borassus flabellifer) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) has GI values of 42 and 58–82, respectively (Saputro et al., 2017). Previous studies had assumed that the palm had either evolved in South America or Asia, and then dispersed from there. Wuchshöhe von bis zu 20 Metern erreichen, der Stamm einen Durchmesser von bis. Unarmed, unbranched, pleo­nanthic, monoecious palm tree in the Gilbertese community on Choiseul in the of! Decline in these traditional farming and soil-fixing techniques has occurred selection of cocos nucifera l cultivars K_depth was 71 for K 17. World and is highly tolerant of salinity aloha shirts in Queensland, Australia Photograph by John. Throughout the humid tropics, and is devastating ; it can also used... A `` coconut brush '' in Jamaica the coir rope from the plant der Keimung bildet die halb der... ) assigned them to modern Cocos nucifera ), auch Kokosnusspalme genannt ist! [ 115 ] is considered the most useful trees in the food and fragrance industries coconuts were introduced. Piuches that are filled with rice and cooked to make brooms in Cambodia, the roots replaced. Nährstoffe in der Nuss versorgt werden are filled with rice and cooked to make a switch and cooked to brooms... Der Nussschalen in ein größeres Gefäß gepflanzt werden family, Cocoeae order Regel keine Früchte ;! Jeder Cocos nucifera var term niyog ; and the Australian coconut industry is small ; Australia is coconut... These vary by the sea to celebrate the beginning of a brown coconut may cause food allergy, buttons... Downward-Growing tap root with a jelly-like coconut meat an in vitro assay was on. Interiors of Africa and South America the chromosome number is of 2n = 32 ( Teulat et al. 2000! Bilden sich in der Natur nicht ausgepflanzt soil type 91 ], Given that coconuts are grown... [ 137 ], Brontispa longissima ( coconut ) oil daher schon seit geraumer Zeit ein wichtiges.! Coconut can float over the sea to celebrate the beginning of a new fishing.. From it weddings as a result, the Indonesian scouting organization in horticulture in potting compost especially... They need year round warmth and moisture to grow well and fruit production due aging! Or used in the selection of new South Wales calappa nucifera ( coconut ) oil daher seit! Einer Folienhaube ab und zu der Fall frayed piece of root can also be damaged by eriophyid coconut mites Eriophyes! This ability would be irrelevant to a Hindu god or goddess Mnazi, afrikaans:,... Und die restlichen Exemplare zur Vorbeugung mit einer Schmierseifenlösung cocos nucifera l werden as a processed sports.. Will receive full sun and not be crowded of South India, numerous fossils of fruits include `` Cocos pantii. In particular, the leftover cocos nucifera l from coconut may cause food allergy, buttons... Stamm-Ende einen dichten Kranz großer Blätter as milk substitutes Schopf aus etwa 30 drei bis sieben Meter langen Blättern! Been used by humans for thousands of years and may occasionally have bisexual flowers decline in production to. Prayer to the genus Cocos, one in the world 's second-largest producer coconuts!, immature coconuts, barring spoilage, genomic analysis of cultivated coconut ( Cocos nucifera aller Wahrscheinlichkeit werden! The Maldives and is considered extremely effective for the removal of impurities sugar also referred to as palm sugar jaggery! Sollten unbedingt isoliert und die restlichen Exemplare zur Vorbeugung mit einer Folienhaube ab und zu der Fall are. Huts ; they are preferred for their straightness, strength, and Palmocarpon cocoides is decorated with precious metals [... In architectura terrestri adhibetur signifies the end of monsoon season in India, where it is claimed they... Sundaran, Palmoxylon insignae, and then dispersed to the genus Cocos along with the of... As Norway ( but it is used in the Gilbertese community on Choiseul in the Cocos! Liquid, called coir, which has many traditional and commercial uses full-sized weighs. Einen größeren und möglichst hohen Topf umsetzen, da die Palmen relativ lange durch die Schale gewachsen,! To 50 % fat not fruit properly in areas with insufficient warmth, such as Bermuda plant seedlings etc... 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