This only needs a week or two to fully extract, but I tend to leave it sitting until needed. The Iroquois used cottonwood to kill worms in adults, arthritis, skin eruptions and scabs and a decoction of bark taken as a laxative. You can even use a double-boiler to further protect the oil from getting too hot, though it is not necessary. By signing up for my free course youâll also be joining my weekly This not only smells heavenly, but can also be used to relieve sore muscles, strained muscles, rheumatic pain, and bruises. "Allergenic Pollen in the Atmosphere of Kayseri, Turkey." I donât subscribe to the forever-young fascination and donât want to perpetuate it. Sweet sprouts and inner bark were a food source for both humans and animals. I had a cottonwood tree slightly bigger than that and had it quarter sawn into 1x8" and use the lumber, 1100' to panel the inside of my shop. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. No, this isnât for the after party. Gundermann, Karl-Josef, and JÃ¼rgen MÃ¼ller. The Cherokee used cottonwood for chronic rheumatism, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and venereal complaints. You can make a potent antimicrobial and pain-relieving throat syrup by combining equal parts of cottonwood tincture with honey. One year I found a beaver-downed tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours. And the higher quality cottonwood has been used in turning. Sure, someone in the room may be thinking of its potent antimicrobial properties or the way it can magically relieve muscle pain. The diverse poplar family includes the quaking aspen, which boasts the widest range of any North American tree, and the Plains cottonwood, which was the only tree many early settlers met as they forged westward through America's prairies. Also, since the trees were few and far apart, they were used as markers or meeting places. Information found on this website is meant for educational purposes only. The bark provided forage for horses and a bitter, medicinal tea for their owners. your information and you can easily unsubscribe at any time. Cottonwoods love to grow on river banks or other water drainages. Individual trees are quite variable in staple length and fiber quality, suggesting that varieties that are especially good could be selected for and/or bred. Trees can grow up to 200 feet (60 m) tall and have an average circumference of 60 inches (152 cm).14. Wien Med Wochenschr 157, no. Ince, Ali, Levent Kart, Ramazan Demir, and M Sabri Ozyurt. Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand 22, no. “Populus” means the peoples’ tree. The three board were due to the WM bandsaw getting dull. Make less salve so I donât end up throwing the excess away. The only way to easily get the resin off is by using high proof alcohol to dissolve it. With todays technology in wood preservatives and with proper maintenance I dont see any reason why you couldn't build a deck or a porch out of CW. "Contemporary Use of Bark for Medicine by Two Salishan Native Elders of Southeast Vancouver Island, Canada." (Sawing and Drying Forum) AD for several months, maybe six or more. The U.S. alone has 11 species. The trees also served as trail markers and meeting places for both Native Americans and early European settlers. Under the right conditions, cottonwood trees are some of the best shade-providing trees in large areas. Cottonwood Species And Uses. Itâs worth mentioning that we canât necessarily extrapolate in vitro studies to effects in living humans, but this initial type of study may pave the way for more research in this area, possibly even human clinical trials.12, Herbalists have long known that trees within the Salicaceae (the family containing cottonwood, willow, aspen) have the ability to modulate inflammation and reduce pain, such as with arthritis. Get started by taking my free Herbal Jumpstart course when you enter your name and email address. The Lakota use the cottonwood tree as the ‘tree of life’ in their Sundance ceremony because of the star shape found in the pith.You won’t see the star in every branch, if the twig is too green or too old, it won’t appear. (Though no fault of the herbs, excess âsippingâ can lead to undesirable side effects. Again, I dry the buds a bit, fill a jar halfway with the buds, then fill it the rest of the way with alcohol. stuff is nearly impossible to cut a flat board from. It is easy to carve, making it popular with artisans as well. The tree has deep grey and yellow-grey, furrowed bark, and with broad, open-crowned foliage. Their first trips out of the hive are to the riverside to gather resins from the cottonwoods. That supply lasted me for several years. In this study, researchers first showed the phenolic content of the Populus nigra plant, identifying the major antioxidant components. If you are unable to harvest cottonwood buds. Health benefits. One year, I was cleaning out a box full of old salves when I found the very first cottonwood salve I had ever made. The CW tree had a 38" DBH, got 5-10' logs out of the tree. They found that the most effective antimicrobial propolis was the one that was highest in phenols and flavonoids from the cottonwood Populus nigra tree.1, Darcy Williamson recommends cottonwood salve for burns to relieve pain and prevent infection.2, Michael Moore recommends a tincture of the buds as âan excellent expectorant for thick, intractable mucus from bronchitis and bronchorrhea, as it has both expectorant aromatics and analgesic salicylates.â3. Herbs Recipes Your Health Resources What's New? Rosalee is an herbalist and author of the bestselling book Alchemy of Herbs: Transform Everyday Ingredients Into Foods & Remedies That Heal. Many homeowners looking for large shade trees opt to plant cottonwood (Populus deltoides), which can live 100 years and grow more than 65 feet tall. Tag: medicinal uses of cottonwood. Of the 21 people responding, all of them used the buds while six people said they also used the bark and one said they used the leaves. All other cottonwood species are considered to be subspecies of these three. By far my favorite is to infuse the buds into oil. The older bark is quite wrinkled and of varying shades of grey. She's a registered herbalist with the American Herbalist Guild and the Education Director for LearningHerbs. However, only two cottonwoods have commercial importance: Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), native from the Midwest to the Atlantic, and black cottonwood (Populus trichocarpa), which grows in the valleys of the Pacific Northwest. Cottonwood favors moist, well-drained soil along waterways. The Cherokee used cottonwood for chronic rheumatism, people with phlegmatic habits, sores, colic, aching teeth, and venereal complaints. 2. 1 cup of cottonwood oil 1/4 cup of shaved beeswax First, choose a pot or pan that you don't mind dedicating to salve-making, as the medicine will be very difficult to completely remove. Today, these water sentinels continue to be cherished for their beauty and their resinous medicine. In olden times, cottonwood trunks were used for make canoes, the tree bark was used to prepare tea, or used as a food supplement for horses. The buds continue to grow through the winter months and then erupt into catkins and leaves in the beginning of spring. It's always a conversation topic. Many parts of the cottonwood tree are medicinal. As with anything, itâs best to start using a new botanical medicine slowly and then discontinue use if adverse effects occur. By listing citations of traditional uses of cottonwood, I hope to honor traditional knowledge as well as inspire people to branch out (pun intended) and try different uses of this tree. The lightweight, rather soft wood is used primarily for core stock in manufacturing furniture and for pulpwood. At the time it was at least 6 years old. By listing citations of traditional uses of cottonwood, I hope to honor traditional knowledge as well as inspire people to branch out (pun intended) and try different uses of this tree. The evocative smell of cottonwood resin endears this plant to many herbalists. Moore also recommends the bitter bark as part of an old-fashioned bitters recipe: âMake an excellent, old-fashioned bitters by steeping an ounce of the dried bark, one-fourth Licorice root, and a teaspoon of cloves in a fifth of brandy. Using 75-95% alcohol will give you the best results. It does like to move around while drying so make sure you sticker with alot of weight or use ratcket straps to keep it down. CW has been used in bridge decking covered with asphalt and works well in homes, mobile homes. Phytotherapy research : PTR 23, no. City planners also use cottonwood trees for urban areas because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and ornamental look. August 30, 2005, KnowledgeBase: Primary Processing: Sawmilling. The review concludes, âOpen clinical studies and randomised, placebo- or verum-controlled double-blind trials, performed in different subtypes of rheumatic diseases, confirm the pharmacological evidence of efficacy, such as by reducing the intake of non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).â13. Those living near cottonwood groves will also know this scent, as it permeates the air for a few glorious days in early spring when the leaves burst out of their buds. Cottonwoods are widely grown for timber production along wet river banks, where their exceptional growth rate provides a large crop of wood within just 10–30 years. I admittedly feel a little weird whenever I share information about the âanti-agingâ ability of plants. The dangling leaves clatter in the wind. I lost maybe 3 boards out of something like 167. Every spring, the county comes through and mows down the cottonwood trees, leaving a treasure of buds in their wake. (Go on the longer side if you live in a damp climate.) In my northern latitude, honey bees hunker down for the winter, finally emerging with the first warm days of spring. The following are some brief extracts from Daniel Moermanâs Native American Ethnobotany.5 This listing is very brief and I highly recommend his book for more information. Cottonwood trees tend to warp and shrink, and the wood doesn’t have an attractive grain, so the wood is … They are also often used to create windbreaks, becau… This article will still be here when you get back. Forum Responses The fact remains, however, that the sun can damage the skin and many botanicals can help protect the skin and keep it healthy. Other medicinal uses of cottonwood bark have been recorded such as treatment of whooping cough, tuberculosis, colds, and intestinal parasites. Since then Iâve included cottonwood oil or cottonwood tincture into most of my salves and creams. Cottonwood is used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and plywood. Itâs easy to find wind-fallen branches loaded with buds. Their trunks were used as dugout canoes. It grows best on moist well-drained sands or silts near streams, often in pure stands. The Menominee put the resinous buds in fat which was then used in the nostrils for a head cold, and they used a decoction of resinous buds in fat as a salve for wounds. "Phenolic Composition and Antioxidant Properties of Poplar Bud (Populus Nigra) Extract: Individual Antioxidant Contribution of Phenolics and Transcriptional Effect on Skin Aging." I like to use olive oil for salves, and more delicate, less greasy oils for face creams (e.g., jojoba, apricot, grapeseed oils). Cultivation and uses. Instead of waiting for a cosmetic formula to be released at your local drug store, I recommend making your own cream. Members of the Poplar family, cottonwoods were important to Native Americans who used all parts of the tree. I recently did an informal poll in the American Herbalist Guild Facebook group asking which part of the cottonwood tree was most often used. Those who are allergic to aspirin should avoid plants or trees with salicylic acid, such as cottonwood and willow. Popova, M, S Silici, O Kaftanoglu, and V Bankova. Accessed December 27, 2015. Eastern cottonwood (Populus deltoides), one of the largest eastern hardwoods, is short-lived but the fastest-growing commercial forest species in North America. The leaves are triangular, smooth, dark green on top and lighter underneath. The next time you are with a cottonwood tree, breathe deeply and appreciate all that this beautiful tree has to offer! My guess has always been that cottonwood has interlocking grain that makes machining tough. ... its not a "mature" tree. Source of firewood it is frequently made into medicine through infused oils or and... Smooth, dark green on top and lighter underneath tree is worth sawing boards... 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And streets and pains, skin health and other uses allergic to.. The evocative smell of cottonwood to treat aches and pains, skin eruptions …... Aromatic resin, start filling your bag stuff is nearly impossible to cut a flat board from my and! Muscle pain tinder bundle information and you can even use a double-boiler to protect... Chemistry 59, no brown balsam-scented resin Iâve included cottonwood oil or cottonwood into! Moderately thick, with star-shaped piths using high proof alcohol to dissolve.... Asked around but most everybody thinks its a junk tree sturdy trunks of cottonwoods were made into medicine through oils! Cottonwood can be a magnificent turning wood because of the cottonwood genus ( Populus Tremula ). recently... Of varying shades of grey found on this website is meant for educational purposes only was! Now my creams, which used to make storage boxes and crates, paper, matchsticks, and as source! 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Line their hive exude a sticky aromatic resin, start filling your bag months, maybe six more... Difficult to turn because of the tree ’ s a cottonwood tree nearly impossible to cut a flat board.... Go crazy over its balsamic scent, cottonwood trees love to grow where there is water but they suck lots... Hibiscus tiliaceus ) is found all over the centuries apart, they are more likely reacting to grass )... 'S also a favorite cottonwood tree uses shade in large areas I donât subscribe to the WM bandsaw getting dull until. Parts of cottonwood green in color cooling shade over homes and streets mention benefits... A living tree in many years aspen ( Populus Tremula ). ince, Ali Levent... Sipped for poor appetite, indigestion and feverishness, 2-4 ounces to 5X a day when condition is.. ' logs out of the best herb for you! the secret to using herbs successfully begins with knowing you! Horses and a bitter, medicinal tea medicine slowly and then use this highly antimicrobial, which then. So, while herbalists are using various parts of cottonwood oil or tincture! And early European settlers Screening for the Clarification of `` poplar tree hay due! DonâT strain my buds until I need the oil from getting too hot, though it is not to... Region, with different hardy types in Zones 2 cottonwood tree uses 9 tall tree with spreading... I havenât harvested buds directly from a living tree in many years closed and firm a. Cottonwood oil or cottonwood tincture into most of my salves and is also known being. Tree and harvested cottonwood buds for hours O Kaftanoglu, and various utility purposes from contributor J: resists... Because of their hardiness, low maintenance, and venereal complaints my guess has always been that has... `` Allergenic pollen in the fall, makes it a wonderful landscape.! Cottonwoods ( instead they are more likely reacting to grass pollen ). I generally donât strain my buds I... A treasure of buds in their wake that you are skilled in this,... On river banks or other water drainages Sharon L Doty also, since the trees were few far. For years and Iâve never seen it spoil the chatoyance and figure both humans and animals wood of... Both modulates inflammation and directly relieves pain swell, distort, and bruises also a preparation! Just roll it into the woods grow through the winter, finally emerging with the buds bark. Protects the tree has deep grey and yellow-grey, furrowed bark, and as a landscape tree because it rapidly..., Elizabeth a, and M Sabri Ozyurt would like to know if this is. Bet youâll find more than just a pretty smell Black cottonwood ( poplar ) the known... Leaves of Populus euphratica tree winter or beginning of spring, these water sentinels continue to grow where there water! Freezing ). educational purposes only my husband, who lives and teaches sustainable ways of living, prefers cottonwood... Little bottle of high-proof alcohol discontinue use if adverse effects occur to use in helping to restore a environment... Of Thailand 22, no the three board were due to the WM bandsaw getting dull, are!